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2001 P Proof Examples of this coin
have a
POLISHED mintmark!

"Example Above is of a Correctly Cameo Frosted
Philadelphia Mintmark"

in close-ups of NGC Cert. #
GUARANTEE 100% - The "P" Mintmark is Polished,
Like the Word "
ONE DOLLAR" on the Reverse &
the "
2001" Date on the Obverse!

2001 P
American BUFFALO Proof Silver $1 Dollar

One Out of MINTAGE of 500,000
(all options)

This is a spectacular 2001 P PROOF STATE Buffalo Dollar. The 2001 Buffalo Silver Dollar program is one of the most successful Mint projects in history. Both the Proof and the Mint State coins have tremendous demand that has increased even more in recent months. I personally hand delivered and picked up each of these coins after grading at NGC in Sarasota, Florida - 85 miles away. This is a BEAUTIFUL EXAMPLE of this US Mint coin. The initials "F" for designer Fraser, the "D" for Denver Mint and "P" for Philadelphia Mint are ALL supposed to be frosty or frosted. This 2001 P Proof coin has had the incised "P" mintmark POLISHED as mirror-like as the "2001" date and the letters in "ONE DOLLAR". All my 2001 P Proof Examples of this coin including four PF 70 NGC graded Ultra Cameo have FROSTED NOT POLISHED mintmarks. (Remember the rare 1937-D Three-legged Indian Head, Buffalo nickel?) THIS WAS OBVIOUSLY A MISTAKE IN PREPARING THE DIE AND MISSED DURING QUALITY CONTROL...THE ERROR GOT OUT!

I will also be auctioning a
PERFECT SET of these coins both the 2001 D MS 70 & 2001 P PF 70 Ultra Cameo in a NGC Multi-Holder.

Shipping & Handling is $5.00 by USPS First Class Priority Mail. Insurance is extra and required.

I will include to the winning bidder the original packaging and COA, which reads & states:

National Museum of the American Indian

American Buffalo Commemorative Coin
Proof Silver Dollar
The undersigned hereby certifies this Silver Dollar as a genuine American Buffalo Commemorative Coin, struck in accordance with legislation passed by Congress and signed by President William J. Clinton on October 27, 2000, as Public Law 106-375 cited as the "American Buffalo Coin Act of 2000." The Department of the Treasury, United States Mint has produced this coin in commemoration of the Smithsonian National Museum of the American Indian established by an act of Congress in 1989, in Public Law 101-185. This coin is legal tender of the United States.

Jay W Johnson
Jay W Johnson Director, United States Mint

MINT Philadelphia
WEIGHT 26.73 grams (+-0.400 grams)
DIAMETER 1.500 (+-0.003) inches or 38.10 (+-0.08) mm
COMPOSITION 90% silver 10% alloy
MINTAGE 500,000 (all options)

Designs: Based on the original Buffalo nickel, as designed by James Fraser and minted from 1913 through 1938.

Obverse: Portrays a profile representation of a Native American.
Reverse: A representation on an American Buffalo (also known as a bison).

James Earle Fraser (1876-1953), one of America's most renowned sculptors and medallic artists, was a student of another famous American sculptor - Augustus Saint-Gaudens. Mr. Fraser carried over his sculpting talent to the medallic arts. He is probably best known for his famous sculpture entitled "The End of the Trail." Having grown up in the Dakota Territory, Mr. Fraser witnessed first-hand this country's westward expansion and its impact on Native American communities."

The coin was authorized to commemorate the National Museum of the American Indian of the Smithsonian Institution, the museum's opening, and to supplement the museum's ongoing endowment and educational funds.

The fate of the American Buffalo - or bison - was linked to the fate of the Native American, and vice versa. Native Americans hunted the bison and used the carcass for everything from shelter and food to needles and cooking implements --they were known for wasting nothing.

The study of Native Americans, including their language, literature, history, art and anthropology, is the purpose of the proposed National Museum of the American Indian. The museum will feature more than 10,000 years of American history. The 260,000 square foot museum is scheduled to open on the National Mall near the U.S. Capitol in 2004 and is expected to attract about 6 million visitors a year. Ground was broken for the museum on September 28, 1999.

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----- Original Message -----
From: Eric von Klinger
Sent: Thursday, May 18, 2006 4:51 PM
Subject: buffalo $1

Dear "Ray,"

The Mint mark, the date, the F for Fraser and ONE DOLLAR are all incise on the coin. Other design elements are raised against the flat field of the coin and are therefore recessed on the die. With those facts in mind, read this account of Proof die making, written by Paul Gilkes of our staff in 2001:

To frost the recessed devices of the design and soften the overall texture, the face of the die is pummeled at more than 40 pounds per square inch by a stream of glass and aluminum powder. The die technician tapes off the entire face of the die with cellophane tape, then, using a X-acto cutting tool, meticulously traces the design by cutting through the tape; deep enough to penetrate the tape, but not damage the die, or it will be rejected.
The tape is then removed to expose the flat fields, leaving the devices covered. Employing an electrically powered polishing tool and a paste embedded with crushed diamonds, the die technician spends up to three hours on each die polishing the fields to a mirrored finish.

It would make sense for the incise elements on the coin -- that is, raised elements on the die, to be polished, like the field, rather than "frosted" with glass and aluminum powder.

If you have some of these dollars that appear to have frosted Mint marks, and one that is polished, you may have evidence of some indifference at the Mint. I would not consider this a very defined or major error -- it's just like lapping paint past the tape where you're trying to create a separation on a wall -- and doubt that the average eager beaver in CONECA (Combined Organizations of Numismatic Error Collectors of America) would either. If your polished Mint mark doesn't sell, we'd be interested in comparing it and a "frosted P" and invite discussion.

Eric von Klinger